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Thread: Adding sequential numbers

03052014, 02:52 AM #1
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Adding sequential numbers
I came across an interesting JavaScript homework question just recently where the person was asking which type of loop was best used for the solution.
The question was to accept two integers and then add all of the integers between them (inclusive) together and display the result. (eg. 3 and 6 returns 18)
Of course the correct answer is that the solution to this question doesn't require a loop at all.
Assuming that x<=y the following function calculates the answer without actually adding up all the separate numbers.
Code:sumRange = function(x, y) {return (yx+1)/2*(x+y);}
For any calculations where there are patterns to the numbers (in this case the numbers being sequential integers) there is always a formula that can be applied so as to avoid the need for a loop.
Probably the most common place where calculations involving sequential integers occurs is with dates.Stephen
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03072014, 12:57 PM #2
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Yes, there are many calculations which can be performed without using a loop, which is not to say that loops should somehow be avoided in all situations. Other similar examples:
Sum of even numbers:
Formula: N(N+1)
Where N = (First Even + Last Even)/2  1
Example: 2+4+6+ ....... 100
N = (2+100)/2  1 = 50
Sum of first 50 positive even integers = 50*51 = 2550
Sum of odd numbers:
If N = number of odd terms then sum = N^2
1+3+5+7 = 4^2 = 16
All the code given in this post has been tested and is intended to address the question asked.
Unless stated otherwise it is not just a demonstration.