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12072009, 10:56 AM #1
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modulus operator is not working if i give number more than 24 digits
If number is more than 24 digits, modulus operator is not giving correct output
here attached sample code
[code]<script type="text/javascript">
var a=10000000000000000000000.0;
var b=10.0;
var c=a % b;
alert("c"+c);
</script>[code]
please tel me solution
12072009, 11:47 AM
#2
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The largest number that Javascript can handle reliably without loss of precision is 9e15 or 9000000000000000. Any number greater than that is liable to return incorrect values for parseInt(), % modulus etc.
See also: http://jsfromhell.com/classes/bignumber
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12072009, 12:04 PM
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12072009, 12:29 PM
#4
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Not so! The real problem is that which I mentioned above. Integer numbers greater than 9e15 may or may not render accurately, depending of course on whether they are amenable to binary or not. Just as you cannot write 1/3 as a binary floating point number (resolves to 0.3333333333333333) but 1/4 is correctly evaluated to 0.25.
Code:<script type="text/javascript"> var a=100000000000000000000000; var b=10; var c=a % b; alert("c"+c); // 2 var a=90000000000000000000000; // 9e22 var b=10; var c=a % b; alert("c"+c); // 6 var a=9000000000000000000000; // 9e21 var b=10; var c=a % b; alert("c"+c); // 0 var a = 9971992547409847; document.write(a); // 9971992547409848 </script>
Last edited by Philip M; 12072009 at 01:11 PM.
Users who have thanked Philip M for this post:
oesxyl (12072009)
12072009, 08:52 PM
#5
As a further point of clarification:
JavaScript doesn't *REALLY* use integer arithmetic when ANY value involved exceeds 2147483647 (2^311). (And the spec doesn't require it to ever use integers, but I would strongly suspect that all modern implementations do so when they can.) That number is the largest positive integer that can be held in a standard 32bit signed integer. (The smallest negative number is one greater, thanks to the foibles of 2'scomplement binary representation.)
So...instead, JS must use a double precision floating point number. And the IEEE/ANSI format for such numbers (used by all modern CPUs) gives only 53 bits for the "mantissa". And 2^53 is 9007199254740992, whence the number that Philip is citing as the maximum possible integer before you begin losing precision. (It's probably actually 9007199254740991, one less than 2^53, again because of 2'scomplement notation, but it's been too long since I investigated the format for me to remember that for sure.)
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