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View Full Version : serial port to poll on request



infineonintern
06-11-2009, 05:05 AM
I currently have two programs("reading" and "writing") and each program run on one PC to do textfile transferring/logging. The PCs is connected via a null modem cable. The program is run in widows and is a DOS application written in c++. The programs work but it is working in a way that i have to run the "reading" program first to let it poll before i can run the "writing" program to send the content of the text file.

How do i make it in a way that the "reading" program will only start polling upon request from the "writing" program? Meaning, when i clicked the "writing" program to send the data, it will communicate with the "reading" program to start and get ready to receive.


This is my codes for the "reading" side (Upon receiving the content from the "writing" side, it will log it into a text file called "new.txt")


#include "windows.h"
#include <stdio.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <io.h>
#include <conio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

#define maxBytes 111

int main()
{
HANDLE hSerial;
DCB dcbSerialParams = {0};
COMMTIMEOUTS timeouts = {0};
DWORD dwBytesRead = 0;
char szBuff[maxBytes] = {0};
int firstdigit = 0;
FILE *fp;
int i;

//opening the serial port
hSerial = CreateFile("COM1", GENERIC_READ | GENERIC_WRITE, 0, 0, OPEN_EXISTING, FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL, 0);

if(hSerial==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
{
if(GetLastError()==ERROR_FILE_NOT_FOUND)
{
printf("Serial port does not exist\n");
}
printf("Other errors\n");
}

//setting parameters
dcbSerialParams.DCBlength = sizeof (dcbSerialParams);

//GetCommState is to retrieves the current control settings for a specific communications device.
if (!GetCommState(hSerial, &dcbSerialParams))
{
printf("Not GetCommState, not able to retrieves the current control\n");
}

dcbSerialParams.BaudRate = CBR_115200;
dcbSerialParams.ByteSize = 8;
dcbSerialParams.StopBits = ONESTOPBIT;
dcbSerialParams.Parity = NOPARITY;

//SetCommState configures a communications device according to the specifications
//in DCB. The function reinitializes all hardware control settings but it does not
//empty output or input queues
if (!SetCommState(hSerial, &dcbSerialParams))
{
printf("Not SetCommState, cannot configures serial port according to DCB specifications set\n");
}

//setting timeouts
timeouts.ReadIntervalTimeout = 40;
timeouts.ReadTotalTimeoutConstant = 40;
timeouts.ReadTotalTimeoutMultiplier = 40;
timeouts.WriteTotalTimeoutConstant = 40;
timeouts.WriteTotalTimeoutMultiplier = 40;

//SetCommTimeouts set the time out parameters for all read and write operation
if (!SetCommTimeouts(hSerial, &timeouts))
{
printf("Not SetCommTimeouts, cannot set the timeout parameters to serial port\n");
}

//reading data
//ReadFile reads data from the specified file or i/o devices.
printf("The content inside the file: \n\n");
if(!ReadFile(hSerial, szBuff, maxBytes, &dwBytesRead, NULL))
{
printf("error\n");
}
else
{
fp = fopen("c:\\new.txt", "w");
while (ReadFile(hSerial, szBuff, maxBytes, &dwBytesRead, NULL))
{

for (i = 0; i < dwBytesRead; i++)
{
if (szBuff[i] == 10 || szBuff[i] == 13)
{
fprintf(fp, "\n");
printf("\n");
break;
}
else
{
fprintf(fp, "%c", szBuff[i]);
printf("%c", szBuff[i]);
}
}

}

fclose(fp);

CloseHandle(hSerial);

}
}





This is my codes for thw "writing" side (The program will read the content inside a textfile called "helloworld.txt" and write it line by line to the serial port)


#include "windows.h"
#include <stdio.h>
#include <io.h>
#include <conio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

#define maxBytes 111
#define MAX 256

int main()
{
HANDLE hSerial;
DCB dcbSerialParams = {0};
COMMTIMEOUTS timeouts = {0};
DWORD dwBytesWrite = 0;
int i;
char szBuff[maxBytes];
char stemp[MAX];
FILE *fp;


//opening the serial port
hSerial = CreateFile("COM1", GENERIC_READ | GENERIC_WRITE, 0, 0, OPEN_EXISTING, FILE_ATTRIBUTE_NORMAL, 0);

if(hSerial==INVALID_HANDLE_VALUE)
{
if(GetLastError()==ERROR_FILE_NOT_FOUND)
{
printf("Serial port does not exist\n");
}
printf("Other errors\n");
}

//setting parameters
dcbSerialParams.DCBlength = sizeof (dcbSerialParams);

//GetCommState is to retrieves the current control settings for a specific communications device.
if (!GetCommState(hSerial, &dcbSerialParams))
{
printf("Not GetCommState, not able to retrieves the current control.\n");
}

dcbSerialParams.BaudRate = CBR_115200;
dcbSerialParams.ByteSize = 8;
dcbSerialParams.StopBits = ONESTOPBIT;
dcbSerialParams.Parity = NOPARITY;

//SetCommState configures a communications device according to the specifications
//in DCB. The function reinitializes all hardware control settings but it does not
//empty output or input queues
if (!SetCommState(hSerial, &dcbSerialParams))
{
printf("Not SetCommState, cannot configures serial port according to DCB specifications set.\n");
}

//setting timeouts
timeouts.ReadIntervalTimeout = 40;
timeouts.ReadTotalTimeoutConstant = 40;
timeouts.ReadTotalTimeoutMultiplier = 40;
timeouts.WriteTotalTimeoutConstant = 40;
timeouts.WriteTotalTimeoutMultiplier = 40;

//SetCommTimeouts set the time out parameters for all reand and write operation
if (!SetCommTimeouts(hSerial, &timeouts))
{
printf("Not SetCommTimeouts, cannot set the timeout parameters to serial port.\n");
}

//Writting data
//WriteFile write data from the specified file or i/o devices.
printf("The content inside the file: \n\n");
fp = fopen("c:\\helloworld.txt", "r");
while ((fgets(stemp, MAX, fp)) != NULL)
{
i = sprintf(szBuff, "%s", stemp);
if (!WriteFile(hSerial, szBuff, maxBytes, &dwBytesWrite, NULL))
{
printf("Serial port cannot write file.\n");
}
else
{
printf("%s", szBuff);
}
}
fclose(fp);
CloseHandle(hSerial);
}


I know that this is just a small program but how do i make the "reading" program poll only when the "writing" program is trying to send data?

Someone please help, new in serial port.

Spookster
06-11-2009, 08:33 AM
If these are to both run on the same PC then why would you go through the effort of trying to create serial connections? Shared memory would be way easier and faster. For that matter even a simple TCP or UDP connection would be faster and easier.

infineonintern
06-11-2009, 09:07 AM
If these are to both run on the same PC then why would you go through the effort of trying to create serial connections?

They run on different PCs. Total there is two PCs.



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