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View Full Version : XMLHttpRequest not working in Loop



onmoon
03-08-2009, 05:54 AM
Try to load details from sever side based on the provided prarams which are store in an array. Thus, there will be a loop, sending different request with different array element value. and I will use the return values (req.responseText) to replace some parts of the page.

The problem is that only the last request will be given the correct value. I tried to add "alert('');" to find out the problem, interesting thing is, if I close the alert window a little big slowly, all requests will be returned with correct values. However, if close them very quickly, only the last request working.

I thought it might be the reason that XMLHttpRequest need more time to process, and try to add setTimeout, not lucky, the same.

Below are main processing codes, please advise, thanks!

// loadParams has been defined by the array before it is sent here

//alert(loadParams );
if (window.XMLHttpRequest) {
req = new XMLHttpRequest();
req.onreadystatechange = function() {
if (req.readyState==4)
if (req.status==200)
//do innerHTML replace
}
req.open("GET", loadParams, true);
req.setRequestHeader("Content-Type","text/html;charset=utf-8");
req.send(null);
} else if (window.ActiveXObject) {
req = new ActiveXObject("Microsoft.XMLHTTP");
if (req) {
req.onreadystatechange = function(){
if (req.readyState==4)
if (req.status==200)
//do innerHTML replace
}
req.open("GET", loadParams, true);
req.setRequestHeader("Content-Type","text/html;charset=utf-8");
req.send();
}
}

tomws
03-08-2009, 07:18 AM
You're correct - it does need more time to process. That's the reason the last result is the only one that seems to provide the expected result. When the script hits the xmlhttp request, it continues processing on past it while the request is "out there" doing it's work. So, what's happening is that the subsequent requests are killing the previous requests.

One solution is to restructure your code to remove the loop. Another solution is to use a queue. I can't find the link for the one I've used, but you might try Googling for ajax request queue.

onmoon
03-08-2009, 10:28 AM
thanks! google now.

itsallkizza
03-08-2009, 10:29 AM
Something like this perhaps?

example: http://buildyourownbagel.com/test/test2.html

test2.html:


<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=iso-8859-1" />
<title>Example</title>
<style type="text/css">
</style>
<script type="text/javascript">
// <![CDATA[

function XMLHTTP_Util()
{
this.sendRequest = function(url,method,params,async,callback,callbackargs)
{
method = method ? method.toUpperCase() : "GET";
if (typeof(callback) == "string") callback = new Function(callback);
callback = callback || function(){};
params = params ? params.join("&") : "";
if (method == "GET" && params) url += "?"+params;
var req = this.createXMLHTTPObject();
if (!req) callback.call(this,false,callbackargs);
req.ref = this;
req.open(method,url,async);
req.setRequestHeader('User-Agent','XMLHTTP/1.0');
if (method == "POST")
{
req.setRequestHeader("Content-type","application/x-www-form-urlencoded");
req.setRequestHeader("Content-length",params.length);
req.setRequestHeader("Connection","close");
}
req.onreadystatechange = function()
{
if (this.readyState != 4) return;
if (this.status != 200 && this.status != 304)
{
//alert("HTTP error " + req.status);
callback.call(this.ref,false,callbackargs);
}
else
{
callback.call(this.ref,req,callbackargs);
}
}
if (req.readyState == 4) return;
req.send(method=="GET"?null:params);
}
this.createXMLHTTPObject = function()
{
var xmlhttp = false;
for (var i=0;i<this.XMLHttpFactories.length;i++)
{
try
{
xmlhttp = this.XMLHttpFactories[i]();
}
catch(e)
{
continue;
}
break;
}
return xmlhttp;
}
this.XMLHttpFactories = [
function() {return new XMLHttpRequest()},
function() {return new ActiveXObject("Msxml2.XMLHTTP")},
function() {return new ActiveXObject("Msxml3.XMLHTTP")},
function() {return new ActiveXObject("Microsoft.XMLHTTP")}
];
}
var xhu = new XMLHTTP_Util();

var prev_params = [10,34,25,16];

function displayRate(req)
{
document.getElementById("output").innerHTML += req.responseText+"<br />";
}

function startSendingRequests()
{
for (var i=0;i<prev_params.length;i++)
{
xhu.sendRequest("get_rate.php","get",["rate_input="+prev_params[i]],true,displayRate);
}
}

window.onload = function()
{
startSendingRequests();
}

// ]]>
</script>
</head>
<body>

<div id="output"></div>

</body>
</html>


get_rate.php:


<?php
$i = (int)$_GET["rate_input"];
echo($i*0.26);
?>

onmoon
03-08-2009, 03:54 PM
Solved! Ajax request queue, very helpful.

itsallkizza
03-08-2009, 06:03 PM
Queueing is slower than sending the requests asynchronously by either
a) attacking a reference to the handler and calling it using function.call(response), or
b) attaching an id to the request and having it send the id back with the response

Both methods allow you to send your requests simultaneously and receive them asap while still able to track which callbacks are being called by which request.



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